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Aalto sites in Kouvola

City: Kouvola, Suomi Open Google map

Tours: Self-guided/guided tour Inquiries for guided tours in Kouvola region, please contact Kouvolan Matkatoimisto tel +358 5 744 3100, email matkat@kouvolanmatkatoimisto.fi

Themes: Aalto homes, Industrial sites, Modernism, Schools, Whitewash

Alvar Aalto’s most prominent works in Kouvola are located in Inkeroinen within the area of the Ankkapurha Culture Park. The buildings designed by Aalto in Tehtaanmäki, Inkeroinen date back to 1937 to 1956. These include the industrial buildings of the Anjala Paper Mill and the Tampella Co. Housing Area, including Rantalinja semi-detached houses, Tervalinja terraced houses, three engineering personnel houses and housing blocks for the workers of the mill. While in Kouvola, also make sure to check the Kasarminmäki gateposts, which the young architect designed for the garrison area when he was doing his military service.

The area is complemented by the Tehtaanmäki Primary School finished in 1940 and the Karhunkangas housing area of single-family homes, where most of the residential buildings were completed in 1938. The Tehtaanmäki Primary School is the only elementary school designed by Alvar Aalto that is still in its original use. The town plan designed by Aalto in 1937 covered the entire centre of Inkeroinen, but only the Karhunkangas area and the area adjacent to the mill were ever implemented.

The centre of Kouvola is also an interesting attraction to architecture enthusiasts. The administrative centre of Kouvola representing modernism is a nationally significant built cultural environment catalogued by the National Board of Antiquities. The Town Hall of Kouvola (Bertel Saarnio, Juha Leiviskä, 1964 to 1968, 1969) is an outstanding work of modern architecture classified by the international DOCOMOMO organisation.

The renovated pedestrian street Manski with its shops and cafeterias beckons you to have a cup of coffee and a rest. Those craving for culture make their way to explore the high-standard exhibitions of the Kouvola Art Museum belonging to the Poikilo Museums, and the museum building flooded with light.

Inkeroinen Tehtaanmäki Elementary School was built in 1938-1940. Photo: Maija Holma, Alvar Aalto Foundation

Entrance hall of Inkeroinen Tehtaanmäki elementary school. Photo: Maija Holma, Alvar Aalto Foundation

Alvar Aalto’s most prominent works in Kouvola are located in Inkeroinen within the area of the Ankkapurha Culture Park. The buildings designed by Aalto in Tehtaanmäki, Inkeroinen date back to 1937 to 1956.
Kouvola, Inkeroinen; Insinööritalot, Mikko Merckling.
Engineering personnel house in Inkeroinen. Photo: Mikko Merckling
Alvar Aalto house for factory worker at Rantalinja in Inkeroinen Kouvola
Forman’s house at Rantalinja in Inkeroinen. Photo: Alvar Aalto Foundation
INK02_Ankkapurhan_koski_talvi
The wood-processing industry in Anjala and Inkeroinen originated from Ankkapurha, or the large rapids. Photo: Alvar Aalto Foundation
Insinööritalo_Mäntyrinne
Engineer house at Mäntyrinne in Inkeroinen. Photo: Alvar Aalto Foundation
Café Makasiini in the heart of the River Kymijoki's industrial scenery
Café Makasiini in the heart of the River Kymijoki's industrial scenery
Restaurant Ankkapurhan Helmi serves a fresh lunch buffet
Restaurant Ankkapurhan Helmi serves a fresh lunch buffet

Explore sites in Aalto sites in Kouvola on the map

1. The Terraced House at the Kauttua Works in Eura

2. Ekenäs Savings Bank

3. Riverside sauna in Kauttua Ironworks

4. Aalto library in Seinäjoki

5. Jyväskylä Workers’ Club

6. The Seinäjoki Defence Corps building

7. AaltoAlvari swimming hall

8. Villa Skeppet

9. The Iittala Glass Factory and Design Museum Iittala

10. Muurame church

11. Church of the Three Crosses (Vuoksenniska Church)

12. Aalto and the Post-war Rebuilding of Rovaniemi

13. Espoo and Otaniemi Campus Area

14. Turku and the Office Building for Turun Sanomat Newspaper

15. Säynätsalo Town Hall

16. Paimio Sanatorium

17. Muuratsalo Experimental house

18. Alvar Aalto Museum

19. Church of the Cross

20. Varkaus – industrial history, Lake Saimaa waterways and caviar

21. Finlandia Hall

22. Interior and Furnishing of the Savoy Restaurant

23. Helsinki Energy Office Building

24. National Pensions Institute, Main Building

25. National Pensions Institute, Housing Area

26. Book House

27. The Aalto House

28. Studio Aalto

29. Summa paper mill and housing area in Hamina

30. The artist community at Lake Tuusula and Villa Kokkonen in Järvenpää

31. Alvar Aalto’s Villa Kokkonen

32. Sunila Sulphate Pulp Mill and Residential Area

33. Alvar Aalto in Alajärvi

34. The Administrative and Cultural Centre in Seinäjoki

35. Industrial history and the Tampella Co. Housing Area in Inkeroinen

36. Villa Mairea and Ahlström’s Noormarkku Works in Pori

37. Kauttua Ruukinpuisto Works at Eura

38. Mill Manager’s residence Kantola and beach Sauna in Sunila

39. Villa Mairea

40. Erottaja Pavilion Emergency Shelter Entrance

41. Enso-Gutzeit Co. Headquarters

42. Rautatalo Office Building

43. House of Culture

Sites in Aalto sites in Kouvola

Inkeroinen Tehtaanmäki Elementary School photo Maija Holma Alvar Aalto Foundation

The Terraced House at the Kauttua Works in Eura

Aalto sites in Kouvola / 1937-38

The Terraced House in Kauttua is one of Alvar Aalto’s most prominent works also internationally. In 1937, Alvar Aalto received a commission from the A. Ahlström company for the town planning and infill building of the Kauttua ironworks area. The assignment also stemmed from Alvar Aalto’s friendship with the company’s…

Inkeroinen Tehtaanmäki Elementary School photo Maija Holma Alvar Aalto Foundation

Ekenäs Savings Bank

Aalto sites in Kouvola / 1964-70, 1986

Alvar Aalto was chosen to design Ekenäs Savings Bank in 1962. The bank is located right in the center of Ekenäs in Raseborg city. From the market place of Ekenäs, the bank appears to be a two-storey building, but actually it has three stories altogether. The impressive marble façade opens…

Inkeroinen Tehtaanmäki Elementary School photo Maija Holma Alvar Aalto Foundation

Riverside sauna in Kauttua Ironworks

Aalto sites in Kouvola / 1946

Aino and Alvar Aalto designed the riverside sauna and laundry building for the employees of A. Ahlström Osakeyhtiö in the Kauttua Ironworks area in Eura. The building is situated by the rapids in the beautiful surroundings of Kauttua Ironworks, near the bank of the flowing Eurajoki river. It was completed…

Inkeroinen Tehtaanmäki Elementary School photo Maija Holma Alvar Aalto Foundation

Aalto library in Seinäjoki

Aalto sites in Kouvola / 1965

The Seinäjoki Library was designed as a part of the Aalto Centre in Seinäjoki and the building completed in 1965. Originally the public and other working spaces were mainly located on the ground floor of the building whereas storage and exhibition spaces were located downstairs. Aalto also designed the main…

Inkeroinen Tehtaanmäki Elementary School photo Maija Holma Alvar Aalto Foundation

Jyväskylä Workers’ Club

Aalto sites in Kouvola / 1924-25

Jyväskylä Workers’ club building was the first notable public building that Alvar Aalto got to design after his graduation with Aino Aalto. Aalto was given the design commission for the new building in the city centre by the Jyväskylä Workers’ Association in 1924. The plans for the building were made…

Inkeroinen Tehtaanmäki Elementary School photo Maija Holma Alvar Aalto Foundation

The Seinäjoki Defence Corps building

Aalto sites in Kouvola / 1924-25

The Defence Corps building was commissioned by the Southern Ostrobothnia Defence Corps, which used the three-storey building with mixed functions as its headquarters. The main building was originally used as offices for the Civil Guard of South Ostrobothnia and the Lotta Svärd Association. The top tier of the building…

Inkeroinen Tehtaanmäki Elementary School photo Maija Holma Alvar Aalto Foundation

AaltoAlvari swimming hall

Aalto sites in Kouvola / 1954-56, 1964

AaltoAlvari is the only swimming hall designed by Alvar Aalto. AaltoAlvari also has a gym, sports hall and a cafeteria. AaltoAlvari is also part of the main campus of the Jyväskylä University campus that was designed by Aalto as well. The original design of the swimming hall is…

Inkeroinen Tehtaanmäki Elementary School photo Maija Holma Alvar Aalto Foundation

Villa Skeppet

Aalto sites in Kouvola / 1969−70

Villa Skeppet was the last home Alvar Aalto designed. Almost all the ideas and solutions that Aalto developed during his career are seen in Villa Skeppet. Aalto designed this house in for his friends the author Göran Schildt and his wife Christine. Göran Schildt’s passions in life; sailing and his…

Inkeroinen Tehtaanmäki Elementary School photo Maija Holma Alvar Aalto Foundation

Muurame church

Aalto sites in Kouvola / 1926-29

Alvar Aalto designed several church plans in 1920’s and Muurame church is the only one that was realised. Muurame church is considered to be a interphase in Aalto’s career. After Muurame church, Aalto gradually moved on from classism to functionalism. The village of Muurame lies a few miles south of Jyväskylä,…

Inkeroinen Tehtaanmäki Elementary School photo Maija Holma Alvar Aalto Foundation

Church of the Three Crosses (Vuoksenniska Church)

Aalto sites in Kouvola / 1956-58

The Church of the Three Crosses in Vuoksenniska is one of Imatra’s parish churches. After the Second World War, Alvar Aalto was commissioned to create a master plan for Imatra, which merged three of the rural municipality’s widely separated old villages: Imatrankoski, Vuoksenniska and Tainionkoski. The industrial community also required…

Inkeroinen Tehtaanmäki Elementary School photo Maija Holma Alvar Aalto Foundation

Espoo and Otaniemi Campus Area

Aalto sites in Kouvola

Espoo, located west of Helsinki, is part of the Finnish capital region. Alvar Aalto’s most famous work in Espoo is the Otaniemi campus, now known as Aalto University. Originally known as Helsinki University of Technology, the campus was inspired by American college campuses and realised as their Finnish counterpart by…

Inkeroinen Tehtaanmäki Elementary School photo Maija Holma Alvar Aalto Foundation

Säynätsalo Town Hall

Aalto sites in Kouvola / 1949-52

The invitational competition for Säynätsalo Town Hall was held in 1949. Aalto won the competition with an entry marked ‘Curia’, and was immediately commissioned to prepare working drawings. Completed in 1952, the building is one of Aalto’s most admired designs.

Inkeroinen Tehtaanmäki Elementary School photo Maija Holma Alvar Aalto Foundation

Paimio Sanatorium

Aalto sites in Kouvola

The building completed in 1933 as Paimio Sanatorium was of key importance to the international career of architects Alvar and Aino Aalto. Together with Vyborg (Viipuri) Library, completed two years later, it gave the Aaltos an international profile. Finnish architecture was no longer merely the receiver of influences from outside.

Inkeroinen Tehtaanmäki Elementary School photo Maija Holma Alvar Aalto Foundation

Alvar Aalto Museum

Aalto sites in Kouvola / 1971-73

Alvar Aalto was commissioned to prepare drawings for Jyväskylä art museum, which were finished in autumn 1971. The building was completed in 1973. The Alvar Aalto Museum is sited on a slope leading down towards Lake Jyväsjärvi. Above a high, white-painted concrete plinth, the elevations of the Alvar Aalto Museum…

Inkeroinen Tehtaanmäki Elementary School photo Maija Holma Alvar Aalto Foundation

Church of the Cross

Aalto sites in Kouvola

On the old church site of Kolkanmäki rises the architecturally impressive tower of the Church of the Cross, built 1978. This vital element of the Lahti cityscape is a masterwork of Alvar Aalto, elegantly mirroring the city hall – located on the southern end of an axis crossing the market…

Inkeroinen Tehtaanmäki Elementary School photo Maija Holma Alvar Aalto Foundation

Finlandia Hall

Aalto sites in Kouvola / 1962/1967-75

Finlandia Hall was completed in Helsinki’s city centre in 1971 and the extra wing in 1975. The building was intended for congresses and concerts. The location of Finlandia Hall is part of the plan for Helsinki’s city centre that Aalto made in the 1960s. The building was intended to be…

Inkeroinen Tehtaanmäki Elementary School photo Maija Holma Alvar Aalto Foundation

Interior and Furnishing of the Savoy Restaurant

Aalto sites in Kouvola / 1937

Aino and Alvar Aalto designed the interior of Savoy Restaurant, which occupies a commercial building in the centre of Helsinki. The restaurant’s furniture was commissioned from Artek. The Savoy has mostly kept its original appearance and is still a restaurant. A. Ahlström Osakeyhtiö commissioned the commercial and office building called…

Inkeroinen Tehtaanmäki Elementary School photo Maija Holma Alvar Aalto Foundation

Helsinki Energy Office Building

Aalto sites in Kouvola / 1965-73

Helsinki Energy Office Building was designed for Helsinki Energy, former The Office Building of the Helsinki City Electricity Company. It is located in the the city centre of Helsinki, in Kamppi area. The building’s location is part of Aalto’s city-centre plan from 1961. Together with Finlandia Hall, Helsinki Energy…

Inkeroinen Tehtaanmäki Elementary School photo Maija Holma Alvar Aalto Foundation

National Pensions Institute, Main Building

Aalto sites in Kouvola / 1953-56

National Pensions Institute (The Social Insurance Institution of Finland) Head Office is close to the centre of Helsinki. The richly nuancedly monumental main building represents the best of Aalto’s office buildings. The building (1953-1956) is still in its original use. Aino and Alvar Aalto won the design competition for the…

Inkeroinen Tehtaanmäki Elementary School photo Maija Holma Alvar Aalto Foundation

National Pensions Institute, Housing Area

Aalto sites in Kouvola / 1952-54

Seen in the cityscape the redbrick high-rise blocks form an integrated whole. Alvar Aalto designed these blocks of flats in Munkkiniemi, Helsinki, for the employees of the Social Insurance Institution of Finland. The collaboration with the National Pensions Insitute and the Aalto’s had already begun a couple years before. Aino and…

Inkeroinen Tehtaanmäki Elementary School photo Maija Holma Alvar Aalto Foundation

Book House

Aalto sites in Kouvola / 1961-69

The Academic Bookstore, or ‘Book Palace’, is in Helsinki’s city centre, in the same block as the Aalto-designed office building, the Rautatalo. The building was finished in 1969 and it is still in its original use. The Academic Bookstore moved in to the building in October 1969. The plot’s owner,…

Inkeroinen Tehtaanmäki Elementary School photo Maija Holma Alvar Aalto Foundation

The Aalto House

Aalto sites in Kouvola / 1935-36

In 1934, Aino and Alvar Aalto acquired a site in almost completely untouched surroundings at Riihitie in Helsinki’s Munkkiniemi. Aino and Alvar Aalto designed the building, whose simple, natural materials soften the form language of modern architecture. Designing their own home gave them an opportunity to make various structural and…

Inkeroinen Tehtaanmäki Elementary School photo Maija Holma Alvar Aalto Foundation

Studio Aalto

Aalto sites in Kouvola / 1954-55, 1962-63

Alvar Aalto designed the building at Tiilimäki 20 in Munkkiniemi as his own office in 1955. Because of a number of large commissions, the office needed more space to work in. The building is only a short walk from Aalto’s own house, where the office had previously been located. Studio…

Inkeroinen Tehtaanmäki Elementary School photo Maija Holma Alvar Aalto Foundation

Alvar Aalto’s Villa Kokkonen

Aalto sites in Kouvola

Villa Kokkonen (1967 – 1969) is a real rarity among the private homes designed by Alvar Aalto, because Aalto designed the building as an artist’s home. The composer Joonas Kokkonen lived in Villa Kokkonen for 27 years. The architectural heart of the building is the unique combination of a grand…

Inkeroinen Tehtaanmäki Elementary School photo Maija Holma Alvar Aalto Foundation

Alvar Aalto in Alajärvi

Aalto sites in Kouvola

The city of Alajärvi in the Southern Ostrobothnia is located close to Alvar Aalto’s childhood hometown Kuortane. Aalto spent his childhood summers in Alajärvi and later had his own summer house there up to 1940s. For him Alajärvi represented leisure time with family and relatives in contrast to the hectic…

Inkeroinen Tehtaanmäki Elementary School photo Maija Holma Alvar Aalto Foundation

Kauttua Ruukinpuisto Works at Eura

Aalto sites in Kouvola

The Terraced House at the Kauttua Works in Eura is a vivid example of the desire of the architect to integrate the building into the natural environment: the multi-storey residential building adapts to the slope, so the entrance of each apartment is on ground level. Completed in 1938, the Terraced…

Inkeroinen Tehtaanmäki Elementary School photo Maija Holma Alvar Aalto Foundation

Villa Mairea

Aalto sites in Kouvola

Located within the Noormarkku Works area, Villa Mairea was built in 1939 to serve as the home of Maire (née Ahlström) and Harry Gullichsen. The progressive couple were patrons of the arts, and they were interested in the clean-cut expression of modernism. Their good friends, the architects Aino and…

Inkeroinen Tehtaanmäki Elementary School photo Maija Holma Alvar Aalto Foundation

Erottaja Pavilion Emergency Shelter Entrance

Aalto sites in Kouvola / 1949-51

Erottaja Pavilion is one of Helsinki’s earliest Aalto-designed buildings. This small building intended as an emergency-shelter entrance is close to Helsinki’s city centre. The Pavilion building is part of a larger plan for a traffic system for the Erottaja district. Aalto’s office won the architectural competition for the entire Erottaja…

Inkeroinen Tehtaanmäki Elementary School photo Maija Holma Alvar Aalto Foundation

Enso-Gutzeit Co. Headquarters

Aalto sites in Kouvola

The Enso-Gutzeit Headquarters building was completed in the centre of Helsinki, in a prominent place in the Southern Harbour, in 1962. Now Stora Enso’s Headquarters, the building is one of Aalto’s most controversial works. Aalto wanted to design a new head-office building to be part of Helsinki’s shoreline silhouette. The…

Inkeroinen Tehtaanmäki Elementary School photo Maija Holma Alvar Aalto Foundation

Rautatalo Office Building

Aalto sites in Kouvola / 1951-55

The Rautatalo Office Building was completed in Helsinki’s city centre in 1955. The building got its name (‘Iron House’) from the federation of Finnish hardware dealers that commissioned it. The main space is the light court, or marble courtyard, that extends from the first floor upwards. Aalto’s office won the…

Inkeroinen Tehtaanmäki Elementary School photo Maija Holma Alvar Aalto Foundation

House of Culture

Aalto sites in Kouvola / 1952-58

The House of Culture was completed in 1958 close to the centre of Helsinki. It was designed as a multi-purpose building for the Communist Party of Finland. Apart from the concert hall, the building was intended to accommodate a variety of cultural activities. The concert hall and theatre are in…

Information for visitors

Good to know

Arriving to Kouvola

Kouvola is easily accessible by car and public transport. Fastest way from Helsinki to Kouvola is by train but Matkahuolto and Onnibus buses also operate daily between Helsinki and Kouvola.

From the Kouvola Travel Centre you can take a bus or train to reach the Aalto sites in Inkeroinen. The distance is approx. 23 kilometres. The timetables of the local bus traffic be found here. The tickets can be bought from the driver. Search for railway connections here. The train stop closest to the destination is Inkeroinen, which approx. 2 km away.

Read more about sights in Kouvola

The map and brochures are available at VisitKouvola

Guided tours

Inquiries for guided tours in Kouvola region, please contact Kouvolan Matkatoimisto tel +358 5 744 3100, email matkat@kouvolanmatkatoimisto.fi